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Project On Agreement On Agriculture

Non-trade concerns include issues such as consumer interests, livelihoods and the environment. Proposals range from the creation of a specific development box to the modification of the agreement to take into account the different benefits of agriculture. The reform of the 2003 CAP, which decoupled most of the existing direct aid, and the sectoral reforms that followed led to the deferral of most aid under the amber box and the blue box to the green box (61.6 billion euros in 2016/2017, see table below). Aid under the “amber box” (AMS) has fallen sharply, from EUR 81 billion at the beginning of the period of the agreement to EUR 6.9 billion between 2016 and 2017, even with successive waves of expansion. The European Union thus largely respects the commitments made in Marrakech (72.38 billion euros per year) for the AMS. In addition, the “blue box” reached 4.6 billion euros during the same notification period. The Haberler report of 1958 stressed the importance of minimizing the impact of agricultural subsidies on competitiveness and recommended replacing price support with additional non-production-related direct payments, and expected discussions to be ongoing on green box subsidies. But it is only recently that this change has become the heart of the reform of the global agricultural system. [1] Food production currently has a comparative advantage, as imported alternatives are not available and costs are high.

Most of the production is for domestic consumption and national self-sufficiency is relatively high. Trade in agricultural crops is on the rise, as is the commercialization of agriculture. Based on 13 national studies by local non-governmental organizations around the world for Consumers International, this report will explain how the rules of global food trade, known as the Agriculture Agreement (AoA), affect consumers. It will also set out the positions of individual countries in the ongoing agricultural negotiations in the WTO. This report will show how agricultural liberalization has had an impact on consumers in different countries and will recommend how agricultural negotiations could continue in the WTO to best meet the interests of consumers around the world. The Consumers Internationals Consumers and Global Market program focuses on the experience of consumers living with a liberalized agricultural trade in Bolivia, Brazil, Chad, Fiji, Ghana, Kenya, Mali, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Poland, South Korea, Ukraine and Zambia. Ghana`s share of agriculture in GDP rose from 52% in the 1980s to 41% in the 1990s, while its contribution to the foreign exchange sector stabilized at 46%. The number of people employed in agriculture increased from 70% in the 1970s to 57% in the 1990s.

Nevertheless, Ghana needs the agricultural sector to meet national needs and provide raw materials for agricultural enterprises.

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