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Jeddah Agreement Upsc

1 “Text of the Riyadh Agreement” between Yemeni Government and STC “Document,” Anadolu Agency, 05/11/2019 (available 08/11/2019 at bit.ly/2CiQPnW). 2 “Jeddah Agreement Delayed: Government Frustrates UAE Amendments and Security Arrangements Ongoing In Aden,” Alaraby Aljadeed, 20/10/2019 (available 20/10/2019 at bit.ly/2WOWECU). 3 The agreement prohibits any participation in any person involved in acts of violence or incitement during the August 2019 confrontations. These include Interior Minister Ahmad Al Massiri and Transport Minister Salah Al Jabawani, who cannot assume portfolios in the new government. The same goes for Shabwa Governor Mohammed Saleh Bin Adyu and military leaders such as General Abdullah Al Subeihi and Colonel Mahran Al Qabati, both commanders of the Presidential Protection Brigades. Brigadiers Fadl Hassan and Fadl Baesh are exempted because they did not participate in the fighting and sympathize with the STC: the first is the command of the fourth military region and the second is in charge of special forces in the governorates of Aden and Abyan. On the STC side, The Commander of the Elite Forces Shabwa Major Muhammad Salem Al Bouher, the Vice Chairman of the STC Executive Committee Hani Bin Bureik and the Head of the National Assembly of the StC, Brigadier Ahmad Said Bin Bureik. 4 “STC Takes Control Of Aden, Expands East: Ramifications and Scenarios,” Situation Assessment, Al Jazeera Institute for Studies, 05/09/2019 (called 21.10.2019 under bit.ly/2JYGjX7). 5 ACRPS, “Aden Conflict: Implications of the pro-Hadi Forces` Defeat in the Capital,” Situation Assessment, August 19, 2019 (called 27.10.2019 at bit.ly/2NonMpp). Six terrorist attacks, attacks and targeted energy transport have been known for four years in Aden, Hadhramawt and Shabwa, which have left dozens of preachers, imams and others dead against the presence of the Emirates. Various incidents were recorded prior to the signing of the agreement, including an IED attack on the anti-Emirati governor`s house in Ataq, Shabwa province.

7 Aziz Al Yaqoubi, “Saudi Takes Control Of Aden To End Yemen Allies Conflict,” Reuters, 14/10/2019 (called 27.10.2019 at bit.ly/36JK5xh). 8 “STC takes control of Aden,” op. The agreement was signed following the start of Saudi-led negotiations on 11 August 2019 following the STC`s initiative to drive hadi loyalists out of Aden and other southern regions. This section outlines the main points of the agreement.1 These rules regulate point 3 of the agreement. The police and support forces in Aden governorate will assume responsibility for the implementation and reorganization of government and STC forces under the governorate`s director of security under the Ministry of the Interior within 30 days of signing. The same is true for the reorganization of the security and counter-terrorism forces in Aden and their reinforcement with government troops and STC troops, the appointment of new commanders and the allocation of new unit numbers under the Ministry of the Interior. Similar provisions, this time within 90 days, concern facilities responsible for the protection of vital civilian infrastructure in liberated provinces, including ports and the natural gas facility in Balhaf. The agreement and its full or partial implementation are expected to face challenges of various kinds: Moreover, the timeframe for the agreement seems unpractical given the complications on the ground and the possibility that Al Qaeda may resume its activities and the Houthis may attempt to directly target the agreement.6 The agreement allows for a Saudi military presence in areas of UAE influence in the south coastern coastal cities in addition to its existing forces in Swahab, Mahra, and Hadhramawt.

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