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What Is The Lima Agreement

When 194 countries come together for a climate change conference and disperse, while most nations say they have something, it should be a triumph of diplomacy. But the weakness of the agreement that the oppressed negotiators brought home to the Conference of the Parties (CoP), concluded on 14 December in Lima, is quite the opposite. On 11 December, on the eve of the end of the conference, negotiations almost failed when developing countries saw amendments to the draft agreement that had been painstakingly negotiated over the past ten days. The revised draft has given an advantage to industrialized countries, in particular by watering down their responsibilities. Sam Smith, the head of climate policy at the World Wildlife Fund, was quoted by the BBC as saying: “The text has gone from low to low and is indeed very weak and, in fact, very weak.” During the presidential crisis, Peru`s representative to the UN Security Council condemned the so-called “illegitimate socialist regime” and said: “We have taken in 700,000 Venezuelan refugees and migrants because of the crisis that is under Maduro`s responsibility.” [35] During the Venezuelan uprising of 2019, the members of the group supported the action of Guadaid, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Chile, Guatemala, Honduras, Panama, Paraguay and Peru, and condemned the action of the “illegitimate and dictatorial regime of Nicols Maduro”. [36] Chandra Bhushan, deputy director of the Centre for Science and Environment, New Delhi, called the Lima agreement a major setback for a valid agreement in Paris. “The principle of common but differentiated responsibility and respective capacity (CBDR), the cornerstone of the climate negotiations, has been further watered down and compromised, showing developed countries the way forward to continue their high emissions,” Bhushan said. He added that the Lima summit would be remembered because of the “wrong process, lack of transparency and inclusion.” In this context, the fact that all participating nations have agreed on a final project is taken for granted. This means that there is now a global consensus on the need for action to combat climate change. That`s why the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC) said the Lima agreement leading the world towards a more ambitious goal at a summit in Paris next December to bring together a binding long-term global agreement on climate change.

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